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The Face was dismissed by scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory as a trick of light and shadow and forgotten. The original image (Viking orbiter image 1) was rediscovered by Vincent DiPietro and Gregory Molenaar, two engineers at the Goddard Spaceflight Center, several years later. They also found a second image (image 2) containing the Face under slightly different illumination with the sun about 20 deg. higher in the sky.

3-d view of face

Mars-Earth Connection

Large Cydonia Overview

MGS 1998 Images of Mars

Raw NASA data of Cydonia


Tampering of Data By NASA


The "Face" on Mars has now passed each test of artificiality yet proposed. These tests include a three dimensional structure, a lack of fractal patterns in the image, non-random distribution of the nearby small mounds, proximity of other anomalous landforms, an apparent bilateral symmetry, being located on the martian equator, having a culturally significant orientation, and serving an apparent culturally significant purpose. It would be an exaggeration to say that the case for artificiality is now compelling, and many thoughtful people will still find that conclusion less likely than all these "coincidences" put together. Yet the balance of the evidence, considered objectively, now weighs clearly in favor of artificiality over a natural origin of the Cydonian landforms.

"Face" in 3-D *
fractal test *
mounds non-random *
nearby context *
bilateral symmetry *
location *
orientation *
purpose *

See the link below for Scientific Evidence that the "Face" and other surrounding features do in fact show a high probability of being artificial structures...

Paper published by the Journal of Scientific Exploration in 1997 reviews evidence in support of the hypothesis that the collection of objects in Cydonia are artifical. The evidence is based on a detailed examination of the objects themselves, on spatial and angular relationships between objects, and on a comparative analyses of the shape of the Face and several objects in the City.